Their semi-retractable claws help them move easily from branch to branch. Giant Panda Bear Giant Panda Bear Classification and Evolution The Giant Panda is a species of bear that is found in the mountains of central and western China. axis int or None, optional. It is also possible to directly assign manipulate the values in cells, columns, and selections as follows:. pandas also provides a way to combine DataFrames along an axis - pandas. Load gapminder data set. Most of these are aggregations like sum(), mean(), but some of them, like sumsum(), produce an object of the same size. PANDA is a comprehensive and flexib tool for quantitative proteomics data analysis, which is developed based on our solid foundations in quantitative proteomics for years. Giant pandas are among the world's best loved animals. The panda assumes a sitting position to eat. Asset Panda is cloud based Asset Tracking Software & Apps. The practice existed as far back as the Tang dynasty , [1] when Empress Wu Zetian sent a pair of pandas to Emperor Tenmu of Japan in 685. As we saw, the describe() method produces some very useful statistics about the RelativeFitness values for the grouped data. Panda uses ingredients that contain all the major FDA allergens (peanuts, tree nuts, eggs, fish, shellfish, milk, soy and wheat). Generate line charts, bar charts, histograms, box plots, and more. It has black fur on ears, eye patches, muzzle, legs, and shoulders. Giant Pandas are in the bear family. They have to consume it for many hours per day. Pandas will often construct snowmen and then - using really advanced tactical movements - will attack the snowmen in groups. A male Panda is called a boar and can weigh 175-250 pounds. See the Package overview for more detail about what's in the library. max_rows") Its output is as follows −. The panda in question was Chi-Chi, recently arrived from Sichuan. Instead, they give birth very early and the young animal, essentially a helpless embryo, climbs from the mother's birth. Like all Pandas, bamboo is the main source of food for them. A copycat recipe from Panda Express. The panda's thick coat is white, with black patches over its ears, eyes, legs, shoulders and muzzles. In 1998, Dr. Descriptive statistics. It has been commonly used in sentences like "This/That makes me a sad panda". As their name suggests, they are related to the larger and more famous Giant Panda (although the exact closeness. Giant pandas are among the world's best loved animals. It is an autoimmune condition initially triggered by strep infections, which disrupts a child’s normal neurologic activity. , count, mean, standard deviation) of the added column 'iq'. They both share some similar lifestyle facts. Note that if describe is called on the entire DataFrame, statistics only for the columns with numeric datatypes are returned, and in DataFrame format. concat takes a list of Series or DataFrames and returns a Series or DataFrame of the concatenated objects. If None, compute over the whole array a. 5 meters long (4 - 5 feet) and weighs about 75 to 135 kilograms (165 to 353 pounds). Pandas library in Python easily let you find the unique values. pandas provides several classes of statistical operations that can be applied to a Series or DataFrame object. By default, this will be the order that the levels appear in data or, if the variables are pandas categoricals, the category order. Panda rolled out over at least a couple of months, hitting Europe in April 2011. The user-defined function can be either row-at-a-time or vectorized. Panda is the official name of a Google algorithm update developed to reduce the prevalence of low-quality, thin content in the search results, and to reward unique, compelling content. What 5 words would you use to describe a panda? Describe me in 3 words? And. In captivity, they were observed to eat birds, blossoms, maple and mulberry leaves, and bark and fruits of maple,beech and mulberry. Thank you for speaking up about your son's experience with PANDAS. PANDAS is an acronym for "pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections. This will help ensure the success of development of pandas as a world-class open-source project, and makes it possible to donate to the project. Series(data, index=index) where index is an optional argument, and data can be one of many entities. Introduced in February 2011 (and also known as the “Farmer” update), Panda’s main goal was to improve user experience by ridding the top search spots of web-spam pages. Adult Giant Pandas grow to sizes of 160 to 190 centimetres and the adults weigh from 70 to 125 kilograms. Red pandas lives in Asia and shares some of its habitat with the giant panda. Our submission platform helps artists and creators turn their stories into. pandas data describe to get summary information. China's Yangtze Basin region, which holds the panda's primary habitat, is the geographic and economic heart of this booming country. 5 meters long. On the other hand, Excel is a such a widely used data tool, it’s not a wise to ignore it. 663821 min 2. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Physical Description Having the similar physical characteristics as the raccoon, the red panda has a covering of soft, reddish-brown fur on its upper body; while they also have dark fur in their lower part of their body, which is used to be able to camoflauge near their surroundings. describe(),就把数据的统计信息给打印出来了。但是今天因某些原因研究了一下describe的参数,才知道其实de 博文 来自: xckkcxxck的博客. A major algorithm update hit sites hard, affecting up to 12% of search results (a number that came directly from Google). The form of the features and associated domain knowledge is incredibly important in this endeavour. The second word means “black and white” in Latin. "This grouped variable is now a GroupBy object. There's also a set of writer functions for writing to a variety of formats (CSVs, HTML tables, JSON). Recent studies showed that the red panda's family is the Ailurus. 関連記事: pandasのdescribeで各列の要約統計量(平均、標準偏差など)を取得; 最頻値が複数存在する場合でもdescribe()で最頻値(項目top)として返される値は一つだけなので注意。 規格化した頻度. describe() Categorical Data; Pandas has some interesting methods for working on Categorical data. The basic cartoon panda drawing is done now except for one final detail - a bamboo plant to chew on. pandas data describe to get summary information. Sometimes, you have a lot of columns in your DataFrame and want to use only some of them. Please tell. Concept Creation Our belief is that first and foremost we must assess the needs of our clients' clients. A scarcity in bamboo threatens the already limited panda population. It is easily recognized by the large, distinctive black patches around its eyes, over the ears, and across its round body. The producer also know as autotrophs produce their own food. Red Pandas don’t eat any other animals, so they don’t have many predators. The description is optional, and it may have as many or as few lines as desired. A panda's daily diet consists almost entirely of the leaves, stems and shoots of various bamboo species. An adjective is a word that describes something. describe (percentiles=None, include=None, exclude=None) Generate various summary statistics, excluding NaN values. We are working on a character description of The Wild Things. The form of the features and associated domain knowledge is incredibly important in this endeavour. Various Pandas functionalities make data preprocessing extremely simple. Males are 10% to 20% heavier than females. The panda belongs to the order Carnivora, a group of meat eating predators that evolved some 57 million years ago. Poems about Panda at the world's largest poetry site. Pandas describe method plays a very critical role to understand data distribution of each column. Use the describe() function to get basic statistics on columns in your Pandas DataFrame. One way to plot boxplot using pandas dataframe is to use boxplot function that is part of pandas. In 1998, Dr. import pandas as pd from pandas import DataFrame, Series Note: these are the recommended import aliases The conceptual model DataFrame object: The pandas DataFrame is a two-dimensional table of data with column and row indexes. Some experts believe there are as few as 1,000 giant pandas left in the wild. This research investigated the relationship between the magnitude or scope of a stimulus and its subjective value by contrasting 2 psychological processes that may be used to construct preferences: valuation by feeling and valuation by calculation. But we will not prefer this way for large dataset, as this will return TRUE/FALSE matrix for each data point, instead we would interested to know the counts or a simple check if dataset is holding NULL or not. Pandas Cheat Sheet — Python for Data Science Pandas is arguably the most important Python package for data science. While bamboo represents 99% of their diet they have also been known to eat fish, pikas, rodents, vines, irises, crocus, mushrooms and rice grass. Commonly used words are shown in bold. You can export your results from pandas back to Excel too if that’s preferred by your intended audience. Steps to get the Descriptive Statistics for Pandas DataFrame Step 1: Collect the data. Still, I generally have some issues with it. The panda belongs to the order Carnivora, a group of meat eating predators that evolved some 57 million years ago. Optionally you can get also some nice visualisations if you have matplotlib installed. Swedo and her colleagues coined the term PANDAS to describe 50 cases of a rare syndrome that involved obsessive compulsive behaviors following strep infection. I'm trying to compare the differences and similarities between 10 dataframes. 関連記事: pandasのdescribeで各列の要約統計量(平均、標準偏差など)を取得; 最頻値が複数存在する場合でもdescribe()で最頻値(項目top)として返される値は一つだけなので注意。 規格化した頻度. Pandas are BIG eaters - every day they fill their tummies for up to 12 hours, shifting up to 12 kilograms of bamboo! 4. 基本上pandas的describe函数大家都会使用,我之前也是,直接data. Physical Description Having the similar physical characteristics as the raccoon, the red panda has a covering of soft, reddish-brown fur on its upper body; while they also have dark fur in their lower part of their body, which is used to be able to camoflauge near their surroundings. describe # calculates measures of central tendency df. DataFrameおよびpandas. Pandas – Python Data Analysis Library. For each column the following statistics - if relevant for the column type - are presented in an interactive HTML report:. It is also possible to directly assign manipulate the values in cells, columns, and selections as follows:. Describe definition is - to represent or give an account of in words. panda Find more words! Another word for Opposite of Meaning of Rhymes with Sentences with Find word forms Translate from English Translate to English Words With Friends Scrabble Crossword / Codeword Words starting with Words ending with Words containing exactly Words containing letters Pronounce Find conjugations Find names. The panda in question was Chi-Chi, recently arrived from Sichuan. The giant panda lives in the temperate forests of southwest China. Red Pandas are listed as endangered by IUCN and Appendix II under CITES. 基本上pandas的describe函数大家都会使用,我之前也是,直接data. Nutrition Facts. Basic statistics in pandas DataFrame. The giant panda is a species of bear that lives in Asia. Pandas writes Excel files using the Xlwt module for xls files and the Openpyxl or XlsxWriter modules for xlsx files. The producers in this food web are bamboo, berries/fruit and tree. that we are often on the line and do not know it. Bored Panda is a leading art, design and photography community for creative people. If you have matplotlib installed, you can call. A new study reveals how these. Type 'deep sea angler' into Google. 39 Years Old. The describe method provides quick stats on all suitable columns. Roads and railroads are increasingly fragmenting the forest, which isolates panda populations and prevents mating. Physical Characteristics. txt) or read online for free. Habitat Loss. The Mission of Pandas International. With that information, you can easily find your answer on Google or Wikipedia or compose your own descriptions from photos. They have poor vision, but their sense of smell is great. Also that self esteem, believing in oneself really does make a difference. To understand those concepts, you have just to know the percentage is the proportion of your population whose are under a certain value. infections such as "Strep throat" and Scarlet Fever. Reference. Animal acrostic - panda Page history last edited by Asha Dhillon 8 years, 6 months ago. describe() method, which returns a pandas dataframe of descriptive statistics. PANS was introduced in 2012 by Dr. The giant panda eats mainly bamboo but strangely it is physically designed as a carnivore and it has no special adaptation for digesting cellulose, the main constituent of plant cell walls. Check 0th row, LoanAmount Column - In isnull() test it is TRUE and in notnull() test it is FALSE. Understand df. Their semi-retractable claws help them move easily from branch to branch. During the same time, a panda named Lele at the Beijing Zoo had twins. (Here's the related video presentation. French Translation of “panda” | The official Collins English-French Dictionary online. Is there a way to omit some of the output from the pandas describe? This command gives me exactly what I want with a table output (count and mean of executeTime's by a simpleDate) df. Now the species is restricted to only about 20. A new analysis of panda poop has finally answered an age-old question: How do giant pandas survive on a diet that's 99 percent bamboo when they have the guts of carnivores?. The Latin name for Giant Panda is Ailuropoda Melaneuca. Some of us will keep using his knowledge and skills for our rest of our life April 12, 2018 · 2 Reviews Comment 2. Please tell. Using the agg function allows you to calculate the frequency for each group using the standard library function len. pdf), Text File (. Red pandas rely on their long, bushy tails for balance as they cross tree. I am learning Python Pandas and I came across this command called df. Giant pandas have a massive head, heavy body, short tail, rounded ears and plantigrade feet (i. Pandas live in high altitudes around 8,000 to 12,000 feet. The output will vary depending on what is provided. It is the only carnivore with this adaptation. Pandas is one of those packages and makes importing and analyzing data much easier. Many ant species store food in their nests, especially the seed-eating ants. In 1998, Dr. describe() function generate. Central tendency in Python. The first thing you probably want to do is see what the data looks like. csv or excel files to think about how they would solve a problem in excel, and then experience how much easier it can be in Pandas. A panda's daily diet consists almost entirely of the leaves, stems and shoots of various bamboo species. On the official website you can find explanation of what problems pandas solve in general, but I can tell you what problem pandas solve for me. Basic statistics in pandas DataFrame. pandas is a NumFOCUS sponsored project. Other scientists believe there are about 1,600 pandas left. Panda hats, panda toys, panda jewelry and much more!. 39 Years Old. pandas是python环境下最有名的数据统计包,而DataFrame翻译为数据框,是一种数据组织方式,这么说你可能无法从感性上认识它,举个例子,你大概用过Excel,而它也是一种数据组织和呈现的方式,简单说就是表格,而在在pandas中用DataFrame组织数据,如果你不print DataFrame,你看不到这些数据,下面我们来. Like all Pandas, bamboo is the main source of food for them. 5m, and weigh between 75kg and 135kg. Female Pandas are called sows and can weigh 150-230 ponds. There is another data structure called Panel , but I will not describe it in this tutorial as it is not so frequently used, as mentioned in the documentation. Pandas is also a high performance library, with much of its code written in Cython or C. A recent study using DNA analysis, however, concludes that there could be as many as 3,000 pandas still in the wild. What's more, travelers can experience a volunteer program to take care of them. I am learning Python Pandas and I came across this command called df. Panda bears are famous for their black and white bodies, which include black eyes and ears with a white face. Remove duplicate rows from Pandas DataFrame where only some columns have the same value; Calculates the covariance between columns of DataFrame in Pandas; How to insert a row at an arbitrary position in a DataFrame using pandas? How to get Length Size and Shape of a Series in Pandas? How to find all rows in a DataFrame that contain a substring?. Weekend Estimates: Kung Fu Panda and Zohan Combine for $100 Million. Pandas DataCamp Learn Python for Data Science Interactively Series DataFrame 4 Index 7-5 3 d c b A one-dimensional labeled array a capable of holding any data type Index Columns A two-dimensional labeled data structure with columns of potentially different types The Pandas library is built on NumPy and provides easy-to-use. To understand those concepts, you have just to know the percentage is the proportion of your population whose are under a certain value. A large number of methods collectively compute descriptive statistics and other related operations on DataFrame. They may be black and white, but new research at the Georgia Institute of Technology and Zoo Atlanta shows that giant pandas can see in color. By providing public awareness and education, support for research, habitat preservation and enhancement, and assistance to Giant Panda Centers. Social Organization: Giant pandas are usually solitary, except during the mating season. The panda's thick, wooly coat keeps it warm in the cool forests of its habitat. They have dine-in, take out and drive thru. Currently, there are only 1,600 pandas left in the wild and all of them exist in the zoos. Input data. This is extremely good advice. This is a complete feature file. What 5 words would you use to describe a panda? Describe me in 3 words? And. PANS was introduced in 2012 by Dr. Default is 0. Threats to the Survival of the Giant Panda There are three principal threats to the ongoing survival of the Giant Panda: Loss of Habitat Wild Giant Pandas are found only in a number of relatively small areas within China. If you’re a using the Python stack for machine learning, a library that you can use to better understand your data is Pandas. Panda Bear is one of the main protagonists of We Bare Bears. The skeleton helps protect the Pandas tissues and internal organs such as the heart, lungs, brain and the spinal cord. The output will vary depending on what is provided. For example, you will get the three quartiles, mean, count, minimum and. Analyzes both numeric and object series, as well as DataFrame column sets of mixed data types. Pandas library in Python easily let you find the unique values. Though occasionally, these animals also feed on grasses, rodents, carrion, and wild tubers. Contributing factors for postnatal depression or anxiety Postnatal anxiety and depression occurs right across the community and can happen to new mums and dads of all ages. Steps to get the Descriptive Statistics for Pandas DataFrame Step 1: Collect the data. The skeleton helps protect the Pandas tissues and internal organs such as the heart, lungs, brain and the spinal cord. A New Bleeding Panda Compilation! Hey guys:) Thank you so so much for all the love and support. The Python pandas package is used for data manipulation and analysis, designed to let you work with labeled or relational data in a more intuitive way. Words describing a panda please? my friend is a panda. PANS was introduced in 2012 by Dr. Personally, it's not that important to have pandas mastered before getting hired to use it as long as you have experience with another data manipulation language. describe() Categorical Data; Pandas has some interesting methods for working on Categorical data. 663821 min 2. str() methods again here, we could also use applymap() to map a Python callable to each element of the DataFrame. Written by Jonathan Aibel and Glenn Berger. Axis along which statistics are calculated. Whilst the panda looks cute, it is still quite dangerous (CIIC, n. It has been commonly used in sentences like "This/That makes me a sad panda". Reading from a. It makes analysis and visualisation of 1D data, especially time series, MUCH faster. The giant panda’s habitat once spread across central, southern, and eastern China, and China’s neighboring countries of Myanmar and northern Vietnam. A scarcity in bamboo threatens the already limited panda population. pandas Foundations The iris data set Famous data set in pa!ern recognition 150 observations, 4 features each Sepal length Sepal width Petal length Petal width. It think it was also in that movie Finding Nemo. Steps to get the Descriptive Statistics for Pandas DataFrame Step 1: Collect the data. These reductive methods, when applied to a Series , result in a single value. For example, I collected the following data about cars:. To understand those concepts, you have just to know the percentage is the proportion of your population whose are under a certain value. Data Analysts often use pandas describe method to get high level summary from dataframe. Habitat Loss. Descriptive statistics. Basic statistics in pandas DataFrame. The first non-Chinese person to describe the giant panda was Pere Armand David, a French missionary living in China, in 1869. The giant pandas' habitat is in western central China, and the pandas are known as a "national treasure". Giant pandas are found in mixed deciduous/evergreen temperate forests, between 3,000 and 10,500 feet (900-3,200 m) in altitude (below the timberline). High-performance, easy-to-use data structures and data analysis tools. The giant panda lives in forests with dense foliage and a large amount of natural bamboo plants. Red pandas lives in Asia and shares some of its habitat with the giant panda. It is also nicknamed the lesser panda. Pandas: Find Rows Where Column/Field Is Null I did some experimenting with a dataset I've been playing around with to find any columns/fields that have null values in them. Panda diplomacy is China's use of giant pandas as diplomatic gifts to other countries. Adjectives are words used to describe a noun. pandas_profiling extends the pandas DataFrame with df. Alex24 · 8 years ago. Essay Panda Service – Your Own Writing Secret Agent Panda Essay team will help you get a unique paper, 100% free of plagiarism and delivered on time. Pandas writes Excel files using the Xlwt module for xls files and the Openpyxl or XlsxWriter modules for xlsx files. Descriptive statistics. By providing public awareness and education, support for research, habitat preservation and enhancement, and assistance to Giant Panda Centers. Occasionally pandas will eat other available food, including small rodents, eggs, fish and other flora. The giant panda is a black and white bear that is on the verge of extinction. However it is not uncommon for a mother to wait three or even four years before giving birth. Given the panda's stocky build with its thick fur, both of which are the result of having adapted to a diet of bamboo, the panda is dressed for a cool, moist climate but cannot thrive in a hot, dry climate. While the function is equivalent to SQL's UNION clause, there's a lot more that can be done with it. Pandas live in high altitudes around 8,000 to 12,000 feet. You can only upload files of type PNG, JPG, or JPEG. read_excel()! In fact, it’s often helpful for beginners experienced with. In a bid to encourage Pandas to mate, Chinese scientists have experimented with "panda porn", explicit videos of pandas mating. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. describe()` method, that computes lots of interesting things about columns of a table. “This grouped variable is now a GroupBy object. I tried printing it, and shows some values. Instead, they give birth very early and the young animal, essentially a helpless embryo, climbs from the mother's birth. Though generally alone, each adult has a defined territory and females are not tolerant of other females in their range. describe (percentiles=None, include=None, exclude=None) Generate various summary statistics, excluding NaN values. This mammal has reddish-brown fur and a long striped tail. The giant panda is a black and white bear that is on the verge of extinction. "acute" onset of tics in non-PANDAS tic disorders were predicted by the fact that both are described as having an "off-on" onset [35]. pandas also provides a way to combine DataFrames along an axis - pandas. Python Pandas is a Python data analysis library. udf() and pyspark. Special Occasions It's Time To Celebrate With Amazing Food. Series(data, index=index) where index is an optional argument, and data can be one of many entities. Red pandas are small mammals with long, fluffy tails and red and white markings. You can call describe on a Series (a column in a DataFrame) or an entire DataFrame (in which case it will produce results for each numeric column. How to make a box plot in pandas. We of course had to let them know that was pandas not people. Axis along which statistics are calculated. As their name suggests, they are related to the larger and more famous Giant Panda (although the exact closeness. Instead, health care providers use diagnostic criteria for the diagnosis of PANDAS (see below). In this Tutorial we will learn how to format integer column of Dataframe in Python pandas with an example. Check out the Pandas visualization docs for inspiration. The panda's thick, wooly coat keeps it warm in the cool forests of its habitat. Singer HS, Gilbert DL, Wolf DS, et al. Read More About PANDAS. Learn how to read and write Excel data with Python Pandas. If you're a using the Python stack for machine learning, a library that you can use to better understand your data is Pandas. Often while working with a big data frame in pandas, you might have a column with string/characters and you want to find the number of unique elements present in the column. The cub stays with its mother for two to three years. Pandas Profiling. Various Pandas functionalities make data preprocessing extremely simple. describe() Categorical Data; Pandas has some interesting methods for working on Categorical data. Pandas have five fingers on each hand and a wrist bone that acts like a thumb to help them hold and eat the bamboo. It is also nicknamed the lesser panda. 関連記事: pandasのdescribeで各列の要約統計量(平均、標準偏差など)を取得; 最頻値が複数存在する場合でもdescribe()で最頻値(項目top)として返される値は一つだけなので注意。 規格化した頻度. tail # last five rows df. Please upload a file larger than 100x100 pixels; We are experiencing some problems, please try again. When applied to a DataFrame , an axis can be specified and the method will then be either applied to each column or row and results in a Series. The form of the features and associated domain knowledge is incredibly important in this endeavour. Draw two curved lined from the hand into the corner of the mouth to make the middle of the bamboo. Pandas library in Python easily let you find the unique values. The Mission of Pandas International. Pandas is one of those packages and makes importing and analyzing data much easier. [5] Pandas do not run fast—a slow trot is as fast as they can go. Give it a try! I'm sure you and your family will enjoy it. I hope that this will demonstrate to you (once again) how powerful these. However it is not uncommon for a mother to wait three or even four years before giving birth. Pandas describe() is used to view some basic statistical details like percentile, mean, std etc. Learn how I did it!. The output will vary depending on what is provided. If you want to get started with Docker, review their getting started guide. Upload failed. Habitat Loss. Confused by love? Uncover if your partner is a narcissist here. Swedo and her colleagues coined the term PANDAS to describe 50 cases of a rare syndrome that involved obsessive compulsive behaviors following strep infection. 000000 25% 3. Giant pandas have a. plot in pandas. udf() and pyspark. Write adjectives describing a panda in and around the panda. Our solution is customizable, secure, easy to use, and five star rated by Gartner reviewers. PANDAS is an uncommon condition and there is ongoing debate about its link with Sydenham's chorea and rheumatic fever. pandas_profiling extends the pandas DataFrame with df. Physical Description Having the similar physical characteristics as the raccoon, the red panda has a covering of soft, reddish-brown fur on its upper body; while they also have dark fur in their lower part of their body, which is used to be able to camoflauge near their surroundings. Bamboo is a symbolic representation of abundance and prosperity and also of waiting and great patience. Adjectives Describing a Panda - Printable Worksheet. Often while working with a big data frame in pandas, you might have a column with string/characters and you want to find the number of unique elements present in the column. I know far too much about this panda as she takes a pivotal role in my book The Way of the Panda. pandas-docs/pandas. Written by Jonathan Aibel and Glenn Berger. This is a complete feature file. Forest destruction also reduces pandas' access to the bamboo they need to survive. Describe Function gives the mean, std and IQR values. The Red Panda Bear , or Lesser Panda Bear are native to Northeast Asia - Bhutan, China, India, Laos, Myanmar and Nepal The common habitat is a damp coniferous forest The diet of these Pandas consist of bamboo leaves and bamboo shoots ( about 80 pounds of bamboo every day ). Pandas Categoricals efficiently encode and dramatically improve performance on data with text categories. [5] Pandas do not run fast—a slow trot is as fast as they can go. You can pick up pandas pretty fast if you use it every day. 1 \$\begingroup\$ Having a text. Whilst the panda looks cute, it is still quite dangerous (CIIC, n. Pandas don't roar the way you think of a brown bear roaring. Pandas are data structures used to manipulate data. Pandas library in Python easily let you find the unique values. There is another data structure called Panel , but I will not describe it in this tutorial as it is not so frequently used, as mentioned in the documentation. There's also a set of writer functions for writing to a variety of formats (CSVs, HTML tables, JSON).